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膜結構汽車棚分隔墻設置
來源:http://www.baokangjixie88.com/ 發布時間:2021-11-07
該方法是將膜建筑的室內空間視為普通建筑大開間.分隔墻可按室內各功能區的具體要求靈活布置,而膜屋頂找形設計時無須考慮室內布置的要求,因此其分隔墻的設計基本整體類同于一般建筑物內的處理.內部布置不深度介入建筑外觀。其關鍵之處在于墻體與膜頂之間連接部位的設讓,即通過在分隔墻體上方設置中間過渡單元來解決分隔墻與屋蓋的交接問題,整個張拉膜受到的附加約束可降到盡量低的程度。中間單元可以是透明玻璃窗等剛性構件,或者是由很軟的膜材做成的柔性圍封,也可以是上述剛性和柔性連接的組合形式。如果連接過渡單元整體由剛性元素構成.則必須設置活動節點(如在分隔墻上部設置滑槽以允許連接件沿墻上下移動從而吸收膜屋蓋在荷載下的大變形)。
In this method, the indoor space of membrane building is regarded as the large bay of ordinary building. The partition wall can be flexibly arranged according to the specific requirements of each indoor functional area, and the requirements of indoor layout need not be considered in the shape finding design of membrane roof. Therefore, the design of partition wall is basically similar to the treatment in general buildings. The internal layout does not deeply intervene in the building appearance. The key lies in the setting of the connecting part between the wall and the membrane top, that is, the connection problem between the partition wall and the roof can be solved by setting an intermediate transition unit above the partition wall, and the additional constraints on the whole tension membrane can be reduced to the lowest extent. The intermediate unit can be a rigid member such as a transparent glass window, or a flexible enclosure made of a very soft film material, or a combination of the above rigid and flexible connection. If the connection transition unit is composed of rigid elements as a whole, movable nodes must be set (for example, a chute is set at the upper part of the partition wall to allow the connector to move down the wall, so as to absorb the large deformation of the membrane roof under load).
在膜結構汽車棚膜墻連接件中,利用透明玻璃作為中間單元有很好的優點,它的出現不僅豐富了建筑室內的表現形式,而且作為厚實規則平面的墻體與輕靈復雜曲面的膜頂之間的過渡元素形成恰當的視覺分界。但從實用角度來講,以軟膜隔封作過渡單元是膜結構室內分隔墻與膜頂較為有益的連接方式,在這種方式中,軟膜制成的封片其下端固定在分隔墻上,上端則與屋頂膜面粘接成一體,不過須注意連接時封片與屋面相交的角度不可以垂直,而是要將封片向分隔墻的一側上方拉成圓弧后與屋面以相切的方式交接粘連。
膜結構景觀
In the membrane wall connector of membrane structure automobile shed, the use of transparent glass as the intermediate unit has good advantages. Its appearance not only enriches the expression forms in the building interior, but also forms an appropriate visual boundary as the transition element between the thick regular plane wall and the membrane top with light and flexible complex curved surface. However, from a practical point of view, using the soft film partition as the transition unit is a more beneficial connection method between the partition wall and the membrane roof in the membrane structure room. In this way, the lower end of the seal made of the soft film is fixed on the partition wall, and the upper end is bonded with the roof membrane surface. However, it must be noted that the intersection angle between the seal and the roof cannot be vertical, Instead, pull the seal into an arc above one side of the partition wall and connect it with the roof in a tangent way.
實際的膜結構汽車棚工程中有時還可采用雙層軟膜隔封,每片軟膜隔封應分別向墻的兩側拉圓弧并與膜屋頂相切粘接,這種雙層隔封不僅改善了隔聲作用,而且兩層隔封之間還形成了部分密封空間,可隱藏某些特殊光源或安置某些建筑設備。當軟膜隔封以相切的方式與膜屋頂連接時,膜頂在載荷下的變形幅度在視黨上獲得減弱,其上下移動的變形也很難在柔性圍封連接件上形成皺撥。而如果柔性連接件以垂直方式與膜屋頂相接就達不到這個理想成果。
In the actual membrane structure automobile shed project, sometimes double-layer soft membrane isolation can be used. Each soft membrane isolation should pull an arc to both sides of the wall and be tangent to the membrane roof. This double-layer isolation not only improves the sound insulation, but also forms a partial sealing space between the two layers of isolation, which can hide some special light sources or place some building equipment. When the soft membrane diaphragm is connected with the membrane roof tangentially, the deformation amplitude of the membrane roof under load is weakened on the visual party, and the deformation of its up and down movement is difficult to form wrinkling on the flexible enclosure connector. If the flexible connector is connected with the membrane roof in a vertical way, this ideal result can not be achieved.
總的來講,該方法由于不依靠剛性張拉肋件因而不會使膜結構汽車棚的膜屋頂大跨流暢的造型受到駐滯,但施工上由于須將隔封材料與屋蓋粘接,處理上比較講究;而且如果室內分隔若作為后續項目與膜屋頂分開設計并由另外的承建單位施工安裝,還會有前后銜接不好的隱患,因此,在設置墻體時應根據具體的工程條件來合理選用適宜的方法。
Generally speaking, this method does not rely on rigid tensioning ribs, so it will not stop the long-span smooth shape of the membrane roof of the membrane structure automobile shed. However, in construction, due to the need to bond the sealing material with the roof, the treatment is more exquisite; Moreover, if the indoor partition is designed separately from the membrane roof as a follow-up project and constructed and installed by another contractor, there will be hidden dangers of poor front and rear connection. Therefore, the appropriate method shall be reasonably selected according to the specific engineering conditions when setting the wall.
本文的內容是由膜結構景觀給您提供,我們專注客戶需求,不斷的發展,為客戶提供更多的服務,詳情可參考我們的網站http://www.baokangjixie88.com
The content of this article is provided to you by the membrane structure landscape. We focus on customer needs, continuous development and provide customers with more services. For details, please refer to our website http://www.baokangjixie88.com
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