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按照結構可以將膜結構建筑分為哪幾類?
來源:http://www.baokangjixie88.com/ 發布時間:2021-11-30
膜結構按結構可分為:骨格式膜結構、張拉式膜結構、充氣式膜結構。
Membrane structure can be divided into bone format membrane structure, tension membrane structure and inflatable membrane structure.
骨架式膜結構(Frame Supported Structure)
Frame supported structure
以鋼構或是集成材構成的屋頂骨架,在其上方張拉膜材的構造形式,下部支撐結構安定性高,因屋頂造型比較單純,開口部不易受限制,且經濟效益高等特點,廣泛適用于任何大,小規模的空間。
The roof skeleton composed of steel structure or integrated material has the structural form of tensioning membrane material above it, and the lower support structure has high stability. Because the roof shape is relatively simple, the opening part is not easy to be limited, and the economic benefit is high, it is widely applicable to any large and small-scale space.
張拉式膜結構(Tension Suspension Structure)
Tension suspension structure
以膜材、鋼索及支柱構成,利用鋼索與支柱在膜材中導入張力以達安 定的形式。除了可實踐具創意,創新且美觀的造型外,也是能展現膜結構精神的構造形式。 近年來,大型跨距空間也多采用以鋼索與壓縮材構成鋼索網來支撐上部膜材的形式。因施工精度要求]高,結構性能強,且具豐富的表現力,所以造價略高于骨架式膜結構。
It is composed of membrane material, steel cable and strut. The tension is introduced into the membrane material by using steel cable and strut to achieve a stable form. In addition to practicing creative, innovative and beautiful shapes, it is also a structural form that can show the spirit of membrane structure. In recent years, large span space is also mostly in the form of steel cable network composed of steel cable and compressed material to support the upper membrane material. The construction cost is slightly higher than that of skeleton membrane structure due to its] high construction accuracy, strong structural performance and rich expressiveness.
充氣式膜結構(Pneumatic Structure)
Inflatable membrane structure
充氣式膜結構是將膜材固定于屋頂結構周邊,利用送風系統讓室內氣壓上升到一定壓力后,使屋頂內外產生壓力差,以抵抗外力,因利用氣壓來支撐,及鋼索作為輔助材,無需任何梁,柱支撐,可得更大的空間,施工快捷,經濟效益高,但需維持進行24小時送風機運轉,在持續運行及機器維護費用的成本上較高。
Inflatable membrane structure is to fix the membrane material around the roof structure. After the indoor air pressure rises to a certain pressure by using the air supply system, there will be a pressure difference inside and outside the roof to resist external forces. Because the air pressure is used for support and the steel cable is used as auxiliary material, there is no need for any beam and column support, so it can get more space, fast construction and high economic benefits, However, it is necessary to maintain the 24-hour operation of the forced draft fan, which is high in the cost of continuous operation and machine maintenance.
現今,城市中已越來越多地可以見到膜結構的身影。膜結構已經被應用到各類建筑結構中,在我們的城市中充當著不可或缺的角色。
Nowadays, membrane structure can be seen more and more in cities. Membrane structure has been applied to all kinds of building structures and plays an indispensable role in our city.
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The wonderful contents of this article are provided by the knowledge of membrane structure shed. There are many wonderful contents on this website. You can click to enter more contents: http://www.baokangjixie88.com We have special customer service to answer your questions
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